• Consensus Support from Relevant Stakeholders

last modified April 25, 2012 by tomlowenhaupt

The U.S. Department of Commerce's National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) published a Further Notice of Inquiry (FNOI) concerning the process ICANN and IANA must follow in issuing new TLDs. The process for arriving at that consensus is pursued here.

FNOI Comments



























































The relevant NTIA paragraph for the .nyc TLD reads: 

Responsibility and Respect for Stakeholders — The Contractor shall, in collaboration with all relevant stakeholders for this function, develop a process for documenting the source of the policies and procedures and how it has applied the relevant policies and procedures, such as RFC 1591, to process requests associated with TLDs. In addition, the Contractor shall act in accordance with the relevant national laws of the jurisdiction which the TLD registry serves. For delegation requests for new generic TLDS (gTLDs), the Contractor shall include documentation to demonstrate how the proposed string has received consensus support from relevant stakeholders [highlights ours] and is supported by the global public interest.

The NTIA is accepting comments on the FNOI until July 29, with the full FNOI and the process and address for submitting comments available here.

Our initial thoughts are that it would be good to further define “relevant stakeholders.” And we will be submitting comments to NTIA by July 29 to add our support for the direction they are headed and to suggest some clarity.

But let’s presume for the moment that the final Statement of Work arising from this NTIA review goes through pretty mush as is. Several questions arise.

Who are the “relevant stakeholders” for the .nyc TLD? Internet users?

  • Small businesses using websites?
  • Small businesses planning to use websites?
  • Residents?
  • Residents using the Internet?
  • Registered voters?
  • Tourists?
  • Former residents?
  • Those who love and wish they lived in New York?
  • The city’s big businesses?
  • Businesses selling products in NYC and with a permanent presence?
  • Big businesses selling products in NYC but without a presence?
  • Wall Street? Civic groups? Community Boards?
  • The city of New York? The city council?
  • The Comptroller?
  • The Public Advocate?
  • The office of the mayor?
  • The governor?
  • The state legislature?
  • The city university?
  • Our private universities?
  • Religious institutions?
  • Charities?
  • The homeless?
  • School children?
  • Future generations?
  • And what of the region: do those living a stone’s throw across the Hudson and working in the city have a say?
  • What about those living across the Hudson or in our reservoir supply region, not working in the city, but strongly influenced by city policies, should they have a say?
  • What about the prospective contractors who will operate the computers that maintain the database of .nyc names, and the prospective retailers of these names?
Our experience from attending hundreds or meetings and discussing .nyc with thousands of people over the past 10 years is that all of these have an interest in the development of the .nyc TLD and therefore have a stake in its development and continuation.

This raises another question: Should each group have equal weight in determining the consensus policy? Obviously resident views should have more weight than tourist or wannabe views, but coming up with a fair weighting process will be challenging. The experience of the commons community could be of great assistance here. And the multi-stakeholder model that governs the ICANN and the IGF provide other relevant experience.

Next: Who should determine the relevant .nyc TLD stakeholders and coordinate a review and consensus development? Our vote is the Internet Society, in consultation with the mayor and city council. Yesterday’s INET sponsored by the Internet Society and ISOC-NY attracted the top Federal and City government IT policy leaders, a father of the Internet, Vint Cerf, Sir Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the web, and 250 others. It was masterfully organized, lived streamed globally, and demonstrated that ISOC knows the issues and has the wherewithal to undertake such a massive review. (Disclosure: our founder is a member of the ISOC-NY’s board of directors.)

Finally, how long will this review take and how is this convening of stakeholders to be financed? Deciding on the review organization(s) and structure, identifying members, securing a budget, preliminary research, on and off line public hearings, report preparation and distribution requires about two years. But no one’s going to snatch .nyc from the New York Community, so the key is to get this right. It’s a matter of careful preparation so that when the application for .nyc reaches ICANN, it details that a thoughtful evaluation process took place, leading to a consensus by all stakeholders. The Internet Society should provide a start up budget for the local chapter. ICANN should view this as model making for city-TLDs, make a financial contribution and assign staff to coordinate with its ongoing activities. The city should make a contribution, as should a foundation with an interest in New York City, perhaps the Sloan or Rockefeller Foundations. Each of the other organized stakeholder groups should contribute, and a Kickstart should be considered to facilitate public participation and civic awareness.

Key .nyc Links