What I'm Doing to Get Started
For years I've been somewhat overwhelmed by the number of websites offering CreativeCommons licensed music online, sites like Jamendo and Magnatune where music fans can stream or download music released under CreativeCommons licenses, free from DRM (”Digital Restrictions Management”). I decided it was finally time to just dive in, and keep notes on any good tunes I find by “Queeting” my finds using Quitter and the #ccmusic hashtag.
I've been musing on how best to encourage more kiwi musicians to use CC licensing, and how to better support those that already do. I've got lots of ideas, based on the various tools and platforms that are already available, and lots more ideas based on building new platforms, or news forms of interoperability between existing platforms. Evaluating what exists from a music fan POV, and getting musicians friends and acquaintances to evaluate them from their POV might be a good place to start.
In late 2015 I was celebrating that I’ve finally got some decent speakers set up in a room where I can crank them up a bit, by listening to a lot of bass-heavy dubby music like ’Kinetic’ by PhuturePrimitive and LubDub’s self-titled album are favourites (both on BandCamp) but sadly both are ARR (All Rights Reserved) not CreativeCommons. I also spent some time sifting through the music on LibreFM, but found it a bit hard to tell what license the music I found there was under. A lot of what I posted at first was electronic stuff. However, I also found a handful of guitar albums I liked, and being a sonic magpie, I hope to cover all the genres on offer over time. Most of the tunes I’ve posted so far have been from BandCamp and Jamendo, but I’m looking forward to searching for juicy CC sounds on other sites on the Guide to DRM-Free Living like Magnatune, as well as more mainstream sites like SoundCloud, MixCloud, and YouTube.
Quitter is a federated platform for publishing short posts (”microblogging”) running on the GNU Social software. In a previous life GNU Social was called StatusNet, and was the software behind Identi.ca, which has now switched to the Pump.io software. As well as #ccmusic, I started off using tags for the particular license (eg #CC-BY-SA), as well as the the kind of music (eg #electronic #guitar), genre and subgrenre, to help anyone following my musical Queets find music they might enjoy. Quitter (and Twitter) seem to get a bit confused by hashtags with more than one dash in them (eg #CC-BY-SA), so I started doing them without the dashes (eg #CCBYSA). I'm particularly keen to highlight music by kiwi musical acts, which I'll mark with the #kiwi tag, and within the first few days I found CC licensed music by the likes of Episilon-blue, Tom Cosm, Alphabethead, Disasteradio, and Secret Knives.
Wikipedia has a number of lists and comparison tables for online music; a comparison of online music stores, a list of online music databases, and a comparison of online streaming music services. I'm going to use these as a reference for a table that covers the qualities I'm most interested in. Wikimedia Commons itself has a large collection of music in the public domain, and under libre licenses, as does the Free Music Archive, and Archive.org (for example the Live Music Archive).
BitTunes is a fascinating proposal to create revenue streams for both musical artists ('Music Makers' in their terminology) and fans who seed their music on P2P networks ('Music Movers'), using a micropayments system based on BitCoin.
Proposed Project: Common Culture
A audio-visual livestream show, specifically promoting work licensed under CreativeCommons or other free licenses (eg Free Art License), and especially kiwi works, with a CreativeCommons / software freedom news, interviews etc.
Definitions - Inclusive not Exclusive
As always, putting a clear boundary around kiwi culture is difficult. Does work made in Aotearoa by visitors or immigrants count? Does work made overseas by kiwi creators count? Does work made by a collective which includes kiwis count? What about work written by a wiki, but made by a foreign production company, in Aotearoa? Fortunately, my goals is not to exclude anything which doesn't count as kiwi, but to actively include anything that does have a kiwi connection. Before I start making the show, it would be good to have an overview of work released under libre licenses involving kiwi creators. Also, an overview of the various sites covering kiwi music such as the AudioCulture archive, NZ Music Commission, NZ Musician magazine, UnderTheRadar, Muzic.net.nz, and the Amplifier store and music news site.
Precedent: New It Make
New It Make was a free culture/ software freedom radio show produced by Floyd Wilde, and originally broadcast on Community Radio Hamilton. Episodes are available in the Community Audio collection on Archive.org.
Arts and Culture intro
|Novel - Thomasin Sleigh
||Jon Lemmon||Comics - Dylan Horrocks||Manifesto - Vertical Cinema Manifesto|
||Disasteradio||Comics - Jem Yoshioka|| Competition - Outlook for Someday
|| Knives at Noon
||Illustration - Vicky Holloway|
|| Mermaid Guitar
||Illustration - Judith Carnaby
|| Dan Untitled
||Photography - Meen Kadri|
||Sculpture - Bronwyn Holloway-Smith||
NZ-Related Music Labels With Some CC Artists
Potential Follow-up Projects
I've been thinking for a while that a LinuxTracker style site for tracking swarms sharing CC-licensed work would be quite cool. I found a Russian site called SoundPark which illustrates roughly what it would be like, but I would want it to be strictly not-for-profit, with no seedy advertising a la SoundPark or TPB. Maybe discreet, relevant advertising to cover costs, such as paid promotion for upcoming shows, album releases, film releases etc. See also
for notes related to this idea.
Reliable server storing copies of CC works which have been or might be featured on the Common Culture show. Each work is stored in the highest available quality, for posterity, and made available online in a range of formats and quality levels, as appropriate. For example, a musical album might be stored in Ogg FLAC for posterity, but made available in variable-bitrate Ogg Vorbis and MP3 for general use, or a speech only recording (spoken word, poetry reading, audio books etc) might be stored in Ogg Opus for posterity, but also made available in MP3 for general use. BitTorrent and Web Seeds (see MediaFlood ) would be used to make the archived media available to the public, while giving them a way to share the bandwidth costs of distribution, a la LinuxTracker.
Wikipedia has many pages on musical artists, bands, albums, and songs, but they're quite selective about what they consider "notable" enough to not get deleted. A dedicated music wiki, using the same MediaWiki software, and CC-BY-SA license, could start by importing all existing music content on Wikipedia. It could pull data from music databases like MusicBrainz and Discogs into the standard music page templates developed by Wikipedia, creating stub pages for any musical artists, bands, albums, and songs that Wikipedia doesn't have pages for, which could be built on by wiki editors.
Online music magazine
- Based in Aotearoa
- Focusing exclusively on artists who release music under CreativeCommons licenses:
- Specialist reviewers for each major genre
- Articles about how the different CC licenses can be used, and what they mean for musicians
- Articles about technical stuff; tools for musicians (especially free code software and open hardware), pros and cons of different audio formats
- Using crowdfunding models to get set up, and some kind of subscription model to cover costs, and pay writers
- Donate surpluses to music-related crowd-funding efforts, or to kiwi musicians releasing music under CC licenses
Free Code Music search application
- web interface with cross-platform support for both desktop and mobile OS, across as many browsers as possible, with first priority given to free code OS and browsers
- installable app with cross-platform support for both desktop and mobile OS, with first priority given to free code OS
- comes with an extendible database of online music database (stores, archives etc)
- can search for music:
- in a specific genre (tag system like Jamendo)
- under a specific license (each CC license, ARR, other licenses)
- for specific purposes (eg documentary music, podcast music); can I use it legally for commercial purposes? Can I use it legally in a mash-up?
- from a specific country
- from a specific artist
What am I looking for as a music fan, when I search BandCamp or Jamendo?
- music by an artist I'm already aware of
- music in a specific genre, style, mood
- music from a specific part of the world (eg looking for local acts I might be able to see live)
What am I looking for as a free culture activist?
- music under libre licenses
- music under CreativeCommons licenses (some of which are libre, but no any with NC or ND)
- the ability to search for and play music using 100% free code software
What am I looking for as an artist?
- music I can remix or use in videos or mash-ups
- music I can use as part of a work I want to make money from (remix, film, game or some other work)
Libre Music Alliance
Establish a free culture organisation specifically focused on music (a sort of 'Musical Freedom Foundation'). Its goal would be to build critical mass around existing music-related projects built around free code, CC (and other open licenses), federated platforms, libre standards etc.
Members (and member organisations) could include:
- musical artists: people who release music under CC, and particularly those who would, if they felt there was more support from the libre community to help them promote and make a living from their work
- music hubs: networking hubs for musicians like OpenSourceMusic, CommonEdits, CreateDigitalMusic,
- music repositories: online music database projects like the Free Music Archive and Jamendo
- music magazines and other publications who are supportive of libre music
- open source communities whose projects are music-related
- music players, eg RhythmBox, Nightingale, ADCD, Noise, Amarok, Aqualung
- music production and performance, eg Audacity, Ardour, JACK, Hydrogen, LMMS, Rakarrack, ZynAddSubFX, Mixxx
- hosting software, eg LibreFM, MediaGoblin
- radio software, eg AirTime,
- open hardware communities whose projects are music-related
- portable music players
- effects pedals
- networking and documentation hubs like OpenCircuits